Post Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence

by Robert Stretch on October 4, 2010

For more than three years, new terms have been in effect for Post Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence (PDMRA). Understanding these updates isn’t a simple task, so read on for a breakdown of sorts.
First of all, PDMRA acts as the DoD’s equivalent of personal days for service sector workers. When Army soldiers deploy or mobilize more frequently than rotation policy goals allow, the soldiers are compensated with PDMRA, which are days of non-chargeable leave. When qualified, soldiers can accrue their 2.5 days of leave per month in addition to PDMRA. The program breaks down like this:

-Soldiers earn one day of leave per month after the 12th month of deployment.

-Once you’ve been deployed for 18 months, you earn two days of leave per month.

-After the 24th month of deployment, soldiers earn four days of leave per month.

The service must occur within a 36 months. So if you serve nine months but do not deploy again within three years, your PDMRA clock clears and you start at zero months of deployment. Reserve soldiers have 72 months to add up their service.
Let’s look at a few examples. If you serve for 16 months, you’ve earned four days of PDMRA leave. Twenty months of deployments lands you four days of leave. After 27 months, you’ve accrued 12 days of leave.

Deployment to Afghanistan, Iraq and other areas defined by the Secretary of the Army are always creditable under PDMRA. For Reserve soldiers, it gets more complicated. Involuntary mobilizations that fall under Title 10 U.S. code are creditable, as are voluntary mobilizations that are deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq. Also, for the Reserves, more than half of the mobilization in Afghanistan or Iraq must occur Boots on Ground (BOG) to qualify for PDMRA.

Soldiers can earn these days from previous deployments within the 36- or 72-month window, depending on active or Reserves status. Therefore if a soldier deployed on Sept. 1, 2010 then the creditable deployment time starts on Sept. 1, 2007. Reserves soldiers have a bigger window, thus allowing them to count all deployments within six years of being deployed on, say, Nov. 5, 2009. The start date for creditable deployment would be … Nov. 5, 2003.

PDMRA time cannot be added to R&R, but PDMRA can be used during any R&R leave period. Accrued PDMRA days can be used instead of chargeable annual leave at their home station. The days of leave can be used during Permanent Change of Station (PCS) travel, or within a year of returning from deployment. Those who are “not fit for duty” or who return from deployment because of an injury have a year to use PDMRA once they are “fit for duty.” ETS leave can be combined with PDMRA.

During transition leave and/or mobilization extension, PDMRA does not accumulate. It’s important to note that PDMRA has no cash value, thus no cash-out option like normal leave. If PDMRA is not used, it goes the way of the Dodo bird.

While on this type of leave, you’re still on active duty, so you cannot receive civilian pay during this leave of absence. However, through the 4187 process, you can receive Assignment Incentive Pay instead of taking the PDMRA days. Each day is worth $200, but the total AIP earned cannot pass $3,000 a month.

Photo thanks to heraldpost under creative common license on Flickr.

{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

Jacob Krueger January 1, 2011 at 4:46 am

How do i calculate if i deployed from Oct2006 to December2007 then deployed again from Jan2010 to Jan2011?

Thank You

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Lindsay February 3, 2012 at 6:00 pm

On September 30, 2011, the Department of Defense issued Change 1 to DoDI 1327.06, which reduces earned PDMRA days for service members deployed in excess of 24 months from four (4) days per month to two (2) days per month beginning October 2011.

They are also allowing the demobilaztion site to choose how many days they are allowing soldiers further reducing the benefit and seemingly contradicting both the original DoDI and Change 1 to the DoDI. My husband’s de-mob site is allowing ONE…

His PDMRA, just like everyone else in his battalion, is going from 60 days to 15.. The DoD has changed this during his deployment, and is refusing to grandfather them in.

Reply

ray April 2, 2012 at 9:09 am

This bhavior is not new. The Post 9/11 GI Bill was reduced for the majority of eligible veterans (break payment option). Our leaders have been doing this sort of contract breaking for centuries. Ask any American Indian/Native American.

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